6 diseases that need to be prevented before 30

If you do not care about health now, problems with the spine, joints and gums will bring a lot of suffering in the future.

Diseases that can develop at an early age

It used to be that many diseases affect mainly the elderly. But the situation is radically changing: the mass of pathologies is rapidly becoming youngerNeurologist – about aging “senile diseases” and strokes up to 45 years.

A list of diseases that usually appear before the age of 30 can be highlighted. Their development is also associated with sedentary work, malnutrition and stress.

1. Osteochondrosis

This diseaseArticular Osteochondrosis: A Comparison of Naturally-Occurring Human and Animal Diseaseleads to a partial or complete change in the intervertebral discs. The vertebrae are compressed and pressed on the discs, and they, in turn, lose elasticity. As a result, a person begins to feel unbearable pain, since the disks act on the nerve endings.

The disease does not cause serious problems in the early stages, but in order to effectively treat the pathology, you need to start therapy as soon as possible. If you start osteochondrosis, you may encounter complications such as vertebral hernia and protrusion of the intervertebral disc.

What to do

No need to wait until the problem worsens. Simple changesPreventing Degenerative Disc Diseaselifestyles will help reduce the risk of the disease. The same recommendations can stop the development of pathology.

  1. Stop smoking. Numerous toxins and nicotine found in cigarettes harm bones.
  2. Drink less alcohol. It slows down the metabolism, which worsens the condition of the bones.
  3. Maintain proper posture. It is useful to buy a good mattress, it will support the spine during sleep.
  4. Avoid saturated fats and excess sugar. Useful protein from dairy products, lean meat and fish.
  5. Perform exercises to strengthen the spine.
  6. Use special supplements and vitamins: zinc, calcium and iron support a healthy bone structure.

The preventive measures described will help avoid chronic pain and relieve symptoms.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis

This is an autoimmune disease.Rheumatoid arthritis, which causes the human immune system to attack its own tissues, including connective tissue, as a result of which joints suffer.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) usually affects the joints of the fingers, knees, wrists and feet. But all other joints in the body are at risk.

More than 100 varieties of arthritis are known, and each of them has its own risk factors and features. Therefore diagnoseRheumatoid arthritis RA is extremely difficult, especially in the early stages of the disease.

What to do

The right way to preventHow to Prevent Arthritisarthritis does not exist. There are many risk factors, including a genetic predisposition. You can’t influence it, but if you abandon bad habits, you can delay the development of pathology.

Is knownCan Rheumatoid Arthritis Be Prevented?that the strongest risk factor for developing arthritis is smoking. The use of alcohol can also affect the occurrence of RA. More data appearsCan Rheumatoid Arthritis Be Prevented? and that triggers of rheumatoid arthritis may be gum infections, such as periodontal disease.

3. Periodontal disease

Plaque, accumulating between the teeth and gums, becomes the cause of inflammation. If left untreated, it can damage the bone structure and gums. Moreover, researchPrevalence of periodontal disease, its association with systemic diseases and preventionshow that gum problems can be associated with other pathologies like heart disease and diabetes .

What to do

Periodontal disease can be prevented. To do this, adhere to the following recommendationsPREVENTING PERIODONTAL DISEASE:

  1. Brush your teeth thoroughly. After eating, you should always remove food debris and plaque that gets stuck between your teeth and gums. Pay attention to the tongue, because bacteria also multiply on it.
  2. Use dental floss. The brush does not always clean the spaces between the teeth, but using a floss or irrigator will help solve this problem.
  3. Rinse your mouth. There are special rinsing fluids that will help reduce plaque and remove food particles remaining after cleaning.
  4. Once every six months, visit your dentist for examination and removal of tartar.

Smoking, malnutrition and genetic predisposition increasePrevalence of periodontal disease, its association with systemic diseases and preventionthe risk of periodontal disease. If you are at risk, be sure to consult your dentist.

4. Melanoma

This is the most dangerous type of skin cancer.Melanoma. The disease can affect not only the skin, but also the eyes, in particular the retina.

What to do

There are people at risk who are recommended to contact a dermatologist at least once a year to examine the skin. These include:

  • those with many moles;
  • people with a genetic predisposition to skin diseases;
  • those whose skin is severely damaged in the sun.

After the examination, the doctor will inform you whether you need regular checks of the skin. Unusual moles (asymmetrical in shape, with serrated borders, more than 6 mm in diameter) are sometimes removed to reduce the likelihood of melanoma.

The less you will be in the sun, the lower the risk of developing skin cancer. Ultraviolet light is most intense between 10 am and 4 pm. Try to avoid exposure to the sun during this period. Here are some more suggestions.Melanoma:

  1. Use a sunscreen with a protection factor (SPF) of 30.
  2. Apply cream to all exposed skin, including ears and legs.
  3. Do not forget to apply the cream again after bathing.
  4. Avoid visiting the tanning bed. If you really want to, you can reduceTanning productsrisk by reducing the number of visits to once a month. You can sunbathe no more than 10 minutes per session. And do not forget to protect your eyes.
  5. Cover your skin with clothing. Rayon, linen and other natural fabrics covering the arms and legs provide reliable protection against UV rays.

Please note that at high altitudes the skin burnsMelanomafaster. Therefore, when hiking in the mountains, you need to take sun protection very seriously.

5. Cervical cancer

This is a dangerous disease.Cervical cancer that develops slowly and rarely causes symptoms in the early stages. Here is a list of the main factors causing5 Tips for Preventing Cervical Cancer cervical cancer:

  • smoking;
  • poor nutrition;
  • weakened immune system;
  • pregnancy.

In most cases, the pathology is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). As statedSummer B. Dewdney, MD Gynecological oncologist Summer Dyudney, about 80% of people who have an active sex life, were exposed to this virus. For most, the immune system itself cleanses the body of the virus within two years, but in some women, HPV strains cause changes in the cells of the cervix, which can then become cancerous .

What to do

  1. Stop smoking. Is known5 Tips for Preventing Cervical Cancerthat smoking doubles the risk of developing cancer, since tobacco by-products can damage the DNA of cervical cells.
  2. Practice safe sex. Unprotected sex puts you at risk for sexually transmitted diseases that can increase5 Tips for Preventing Cervical Cancer the risk of getting HPV.
  3. Get vaccinated. Condoms do not guarantee complete protection against HPV, therefore vaccination is additionally needed. She will be most effectiveFDA approves expanded use of Gardasil 9 to include individuals 27 through 45 years old at the age of 9 to 45 years.
  4. Take oncological screening – a cytological examination of scrapings from the cervix and cervical canal. The first two procedures are performed once a year. If the results are negative, the intervals increase to once every three years. Such an examination is best started immediately after the onset of sexual activity.

6. Coronary heart disease

Pathology is characterizedCoronary artery diseaseblocking the normal process of blood supply to the heart, which leads to a heart attack. Also, blood flow may be interrupted due to fat deposits in the coronary arteries, then the patient feels chest pain.

What to do

A balanced diet is one way to reduce Coronary heart diseaserisk of coronary heart disease. The diet should include more vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Limit yourself in salt intake as it raises blood pressure.

Products with a high content of unsaturated fats will help reduce clogging of arteries:

  • oily fish;
  • avocado;
  • nuts and seeds;
  • sunflower, rapeseed, olive and other vegetable oils.

Their advantage is that unsaturated fats have a double carbon bond: this allows them to remain active and penetrate through cell membranes without forming solid compounds in the blood .

Doctors also advise Coronary heart diseasepay more attention to physical activity. Regular exercise will help lower cholesterol, blood pressure will be maintained at the required level. Any aerobic type exercises like swimming, walking or dancing are suitable: they make the heart work faster, keeping it healthy.

In addition, to reduce the likelihood of developing coronary heart disease, give up smoking and alcohol.

Examinations that are recommended to be taken up to 30 years

Even if you feel good, this is not a reason to refuse regular visits to the doctor and examinations. This will help to avoid serious health problems in the future.

For example, the only way to diagnose too high blood pressure is to check it on a regular basis. In the early stages, there are no symptoms and high blood sugar and cholesterol. It is enough to take simple tests to make sure that these indicators are normal.

Here is a list of surveysHealth screenings for men ages 18 to 39to be taken at an early age:

  1. Blood pressure screening. The audit must be arranged at least twice a year. Those who are diagnosed with diabetes, heart disease, or have kidney problems should do this more often – on the recommendation of a doctor.
  2. Checking blood cholesterol. The analysis is carried out every five years, starting from 20–35 years of age.
  3. Testing for diabetes.
  4. Dental examination 1-2 times a year.

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